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Showing posts from October, 2018

Breaking free - out of embargo

The route to Open Access can be surprisingly long and winding. In this last post for Open Access Week 2018 we look at some examples of publications that are now freely available to all from our repository - in most cases a year or more after first publication.

Why wait to make these articles open access, you may ask? Because... "copyright"
The latest article to become open access after a 12 month embargo is:

Understanding a hydroformylation catalyst that produces branched aldehydes from alkyl alkenes, Dingwall, Paul; Fuentes, José A.; Crawford, Luke; Slawin, Alexandra Martha Zoya; Buehl, Michael; Clarke, Matthew L. In: Journal of the American Chemical Society.

This paper adds to the ever increasing number of freely available publications from our research community - this week we celebrated the milestone of 15,000 items in St Andrews Research Repository!

"This paper is a detailed study aiming to understand a catalytic reaction that gave…

Thesis Thursday 2018 : a wider notion of research

As part of #ThesisThursday in Open Access Week we are pleased to host a fascinating guest post from our colleagues in the Library E-theses team:

Why do we make research theses available in the St Andrews Research Repository?
It’s a question that we are asked from time to time by both research students and academic researchers in our own institution.  Our answer is invariably that the institution should make its research available online to as wide an audience as possible.   Researchers expect to discover material online and they expect to read it online.  We have a policy to collect electronic research theses and make them available open access where possible, (unless subject to embargo), to promote and showcase University research, and to make it as accessible as possible to a global audience.  This is the core of our reasoning as to why we resource and manage the service.

But are ‘researchers’, in the purest sense of the word, our only consumers?  Or does the audience for our thesis…

Kin win to become item 15,000 in the St Andrews Research Repository

To mark the 15,000th item deposited in the St Andrews Research Repository the Open Access Support team is pleased to publish a guest post by its co-author, Andy Gardner:

Dyble, M, Gardner, A, Vinicius, L & Migliano, A 2018, 'Inclusive fitness for in-laws' Biology Letters, vol. 14, no. 10. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2018.0515

Cooperation abounds in nature and in human society, and this has long been a puzzle for evolutionary biologists. At first glance, the traditional Darwinian dictum of the “survival of the fittest” appears to imply that selfishness will reign supreme. But altruism can be favoured by natural selection, if it occurs between closely-related kin. According to the theory of "kin selection", although a gene encoding altruistic behaviour leads to its carrier suffering a cost, it is also providing a benefit to other individuals who carry copies of the very same gene, and this increases its overall transmission to future generations.

However, human notions of ki…

IRUS-UK: statistics and benchmarking for UK repositories

For over 4 years now St Andrews has participated in IRUS-UK – a JISC funded service providing accurate and usable repository download statistics. At the time of writing there are 146 repositories included in the service, which equates to 94% of all eligible UK repositories. This means that as well as being able to track our downloads, we can compare downloads across other institutions too, and this is something that has been enhanced further recently with the addition of a new report, which we’ll look at here. First though we want to look again at an open access book that we've written about previously, including in yesterday’s Open Access Week post.
[D]emand for knowledge can be stifled by access barriers, and when those barriers are taken away, the knowledge is opened up and it can finally satisfy demand.Module theory: an approach to linear algebra. Blyth, Thomas Scott.  Professor Blyth’s book has been archived in St Andrews Research Repository since February 2018, and in this…

Open Access books: Tony Crook's new book is published OA

This week is Open Access week, and the theme is set to look at the foundational work that is needed to underpin a transition to a world where research results are free and open by default. Recent moves by the open access publisher Knowledge Unlatched have shone a spot light on the need for better cooperation in achieving an open access default for books. Where KU has gone in the direction of commercial proprietary infrastructure, others such as Open Book Publishers have called for more open and transparent cooperation that isn't tied to proprietary commercially driven software. Open Book Publisher's reaction to Knowledge Unlatched is here.

"Academics need to know that there are benefits too, and that the expense of publishing OA is worth it in the long run"
While the debate about the nature of the infrastructure rumbles on, presently we must keep our minds focussed on the individual examples of open access books. Indeed the appetite for open access books is unlikely…

It's Open Access Week 2018!

It's that time of year again when around the world people are celebrating all things Open Access. The theme of this year's International Open Access Week, is “designing equitable foundations for open knowledge.”

In the first blog post we will look at work going on in the Humanities to raise the profile of Open Access books. This is something that has been gaining traction in recent years, but the foundations are yet to settle. We will also take a look at the download statistics from the repository, and look more closely at the new reports that are available from IRUS-UK - a UK wide repository statistics service. We have a post planned for #ThesisThursday too, this is a day in OA Week reserved for highlighting open access theses in recognition of the release of Professor Stephen Hawking's thesis last year which temporarily broke the University of Cambridge's repository due to the volume of traffic. In the post we will hear from our colleagues in the Library catalog…

Behind the scenes with the OA team: Kirsty

In the last in this series of posts introducing the Open Access Team, we have Kirsty. Kirsty is the newest member of the team, joining the team in 2015. Amongst many other things, Kirsty assists with creating Pure records for new staff, and with monitoring newly created publication records. Kirsty also has the 'Full text not validated' filter to capture Pure records with files attached (described in the first post), and her filter consists of  the 2 Geography Schools - Geography and Sustainable Development and Earth and Environmental Sciences.
1. What do you say when people ask, “So, what do you do for a living?” My answer changes every time I’m asked and it depends on who is asking.  Mostly, I say I help monitor and update the University’s research information system, and help researchers’ make their work accessible to the public.  If I’m feeling extra bold I’ll say I’m a librarian within the Digital Research division of the library – but that usually sparks more questions.


Behind the scenes with the OA team: Kyle

All this week we've been peering behind the curtain to get a better look at the Open Access team in the Library. You can see all the previous posts here. Today we'll hear from Kyle. Kyle's Pure filters are mainly trained on Humanities and Social Science schools, as well as Psychology and Neuroscience and Chemistry. If you want to know more about our Pure filters and the work of the team in general take a look at the first post in this series.
 1.    What do you say when people ask, “So, what do you do for a living?” I used to say simply that I’m a Librarian, because that’s something people are familiar with. But 9 times out of 10 this is followed by the person dreamily saying something like “Oh that must be nice working with all those books”. Unfortunately in the Open Access team I don’t often get to refer to physical books or journals (I do on occasion though which is nice). So these days when someone asks me this, I usually say I'm a digital research librarian, or so…

Behind the scenes with the OA team: Michael

In this second post in a series aimed at introducing the Open Access team here at St Andrews, we have Michael. The first post in this series mentioned that the open access team members each have filters set up in the Research Information System (Pure), and we explained that each member of the team has specific schools and departments in their filters. Michael's filters include mainly sciences - so Physics and Astronomy, Computer Science, Medicine, Biology are all under Michael's umbrella, plus many more of course.

1. What do you say when people ask, “So, what do you do for a living?” Depends who’s asking – sometimes something vague like ‘research support’; other times I’ll specifically say ‘making the University’s research publications Open Access’
2. What’s the first thing you did when you came in to work today? Put the kettle on!  Seriously, I prioritised email enquiries for myself and mark things for other members of the team, as appropriate.
3. What do you spend most of your…

Behind the scenes with the OA team: Jackie

In this first 'Meet the team' post we'll hear from Jackie. Jackie is the Repository & Open Access Services Manager, and oversees the publications side of Pure, the University's Research Repository, and our journal hosting platform OJS.
1.    What do you say when people ask, “So, what do you do for a living?” Within the University or to colleagues working in scholarly communications I will say “I manage Open Access Services as part of the Digital Research division in the Library”. ‘Repository Manager’ is also part of my job title, but I almost never say that out loud. To people not familiar with universities or research publishing I’ll say something like ‘providing services to help our researchers make their publications more visible’. I generally don’t say I’m a Librarian, although due to a limited list of options that’s what I put as ‘mother’s occupation’ on my daughter’s marriage certificate 🙂

2.    What’s the first thing you did when you came in to work today? O…

Behind the scenes with the OA team

In this post we’ll look behind the scenes at the University’s Open Access team. And we will follow this up with posts introducing the individual members of the team. Most of the work we do behind the scenes is invisible, so called ‘auto-magical’ if you will. In some ways this is a good sign, to quote Futurama:
“When you do things right, people won't be sure you've done anything at all”. Futurama, 'Godfellas', 2002. But looking at it another way, it could also be unhelpful, as researchers might not know who to contact if they have questions or concerns. So, in this post we are going to expose some of our more auto-magical tasks.

Firstly this is where we are located - in the Old Union Diner on Butts Wynd:

So what do we do? Well, the short answer is rather a lot! But, broadly the team is responsible for:
Open access advocacy, and related advice on copyright and licensing Funder and institutional open access policy complianceManaging central open access fundsReporting to re…