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Open in Action conversations

As described in our last post, the theme of this year's Open Access Week 'Open in Action' was all about taking concrete steps to open up research and scholarship and encouraging others to do the same.



With this in mind, the Library invited all researchers to join their OA experts at a range of drop-in sessions. To share the outcomes of these conversations even further, we have listed the most commonly asked questions here along with the support available from the Open Access team and colleagues.

The main themes discussed so far have been:

Focus on ‘acceptance’ The key message is to ‘act on acceptance’ and deposit all articles and proceedings in Pure (the University’s research system) along with the full date of acceptance. Most authors find this easiest to do in the active period following acceptance, and most publishers allow accepted versions (not published pdfs) to be made open access by this route. See our web page for a 2 minute 'deposit demo'.

Not just for R…

Our commitment to putting Open in action

Open Access Week 2016 (24-30 Oct) aims to advance open access on a global scale, all year round. We introduced the theme of this year's event in an earlier post.


This year's theme of 'Open in Action' is all about taking concrete steps to open up research and scholarship and encouraging others to do the same. (Nick Shockey, http://www.openaccessweek.org/profiles/blogs/commit-to-putting-open-in-action) See a range of ideas for taking action at the Open in Action Portal including discovering Open Access journals in your discipline and starting conversations about Open Access.

The St Andrews Open Access team is making a commitment to enabling conversations about Open Access. During October we have already had many conversations, thanks to the School of Management inviting us to the Gateway for Open Access drop-in sessions. We took a practical approach, looking at individual ressearch profiles in our research information system (Pure). One-to-ones allowed staff to put thei…

Kathryn Rudy's new book published, and it's open access!

Kathryn Rudy, senior lecturer in the School of Art History, has just published her latest book with Open Book Publishers. The book is licensed under a creative commons CC BY licence, and so is freely available for download from the publisher and our repository. The ebook has also been added to our library catalogue by Elizabeth Cuthill, who has been mentioned before on this blog for her work creating high quality MARC records for this publisher, you can see the catalogue record here: http://library.st-andrews.ac.uk/record=b2429660~S5. This work isn't just for the benefit of St Andrews, it also benefits the library community at large, as these records are fed back to Open Book Publishers for distribution to other parties.

Here is a snippet from the book's abstract to whet your appetite:

Medieval manuscripts resisted obsolescence[...]Rather than discard them when they were superseded, book owners found ways to update, amend and upcycle books or book parts.
Rudy considers ways…

St Andrews supports new publisher requirements set by Wellcome Trust

Wellcome Trust has had an Open Access policy for its research publications since 2005, and now leads the Charity Open Access Fund (COAF). Robert Kiley, Head of Digital Services at Wellcome, has announced that from 1 April 2017 any papers submitted that acknowledge Wellcome funding must meet the new, additional requirements. Publishers must indicate that they can meet the service standards by 15 December 2016 to be included in a list that Wellcome will make public. Outputs will be audited to check that listed publishers continue to meet services standards.
Summary ExistingAvailable from the Europe PMC repository Made available under a Creative Commons attribution licence Deposited as the final published version AdditionalPublisher invoices must include digital object identifier (DOI), authors, funders and licence Publisher must have a publicly available reimbursement policy Publisher must update deposited articles with post-publication material changes Aims It is hoped that these ch…

BMC Ecology image competition: results

Well, it's that time of year when we get to post lots of nice pictures courtesy of the open access journal BMC Ecology. Each year BMC Ecology runs a photographic image competition to celebrate biodiversity and the beauty of the natural environment, and this year it coincides with St Andrews Photography Festival which is a nice coincidence! The theme of this year's competition was the interaction between nature and human activity and technology.


This is just a small selection of the images published this year, in total there were 26 images, all licensed under a CC BY attribution licence, so they are free to reuse, copy and distribute.

The Editorial complete with all images can be found here: 10.1186/s12898-016-0090-z

Flipping journals to Open Access: an extensive Harvard University literature review

Harvard University last week released an extensive 224 page literature review on subscription journals flipping to Open Access. The review's principal aim is to "disentangle different options", in order to "help publishers deliberate intelligently about their options". In total the authors find 15 options available to journals wanting to flip to OA, and interestingly 5 of these do not involve levying charges (most commonly referred to as Article Processing Charges).

The inclusion of so many non-APC reliant flipping pathways is very illuminating and certainly will be news to some people.
"Truncating or oversimplifying the range of options causes harm. For example, as noted, many stakeholders believe that there’s only one business model for OA journals, namely, charging APCs. This assumption has never been true and has never even been close. Every measurement for more than a decade has shown that roughly three-quarters of OA journals charge no author-side f…

We've now reached 8000 items in our repository!

Last week the St Andrews Research Repository reached a new milestone: 8000 items!

The last major content milestone we celebrated was when we reached 5000 items, this was back in February 2015. The blog post we wrote in recognition of this mentioned that the upsurge in activity was largely down to research funders and HEFCE (the folks behind the Research Excellence Framework) requiring authors to self-archive their publications. 17 months on and this trend is continuing.

In April 2016 the Research Excellence Framework open access policy came into effect (to find out more read our previous blog post). This means that to ensure compliance with the policy authors must deposit their accepted manuscripts for journal articles and conference proceedings into the University's research information system (Pure). To ensure all St Andrews researchers are aware of the policy we have been working hard to deliver the message: 'Act on acceptance: deposit in Pure'. This slogan, which is em…

Wellcome Open Research: a new publication initiative

Wellcome Open Research is a new initiative which allows researchers to publish their results faster and more transparently. The service is powered by F1000Research which is an innovative publishing platform that uses post-publication peer-review to eradicate publication delays. By using this platform Wellcome research will be published immediately on submission (presumably with the status 'awaiting peer-review' if it follows closely the F1000 processes), this is then followed by formal peer-review. Wellcome also say that peer-review will be transparent and open, with referees' reports and names published alongside the paper. This is said to encourage more constructive feedback, as well as allowing reports to be cited.

Besides publication speed, another advantage of using WOR (or F1000 for that matter) is that there is wider scope for the sorts of material that can be published. As well as standard narrative articles researchers can also publish negative results and dataset…

Open Access Week 2016: "Open in Action"

The theme of Open Access Week 2016 will be "Open in Action". Open Access Week is an international initiative designed to raise the profile of Open Access and push towards publishing 'open by default'.

Open Access Weeks have always encouraged action as well as words. But this year's OAW takes this a step further, encouraging all stakeholders to take positive concrete steps to make their research openly available and to encourage others to follow suit. "Open in action" is about highlighting the actual concrete examples of how Open Access is being promoted by researchers, librarians, and students alike, whether through depositing accepted manuscripts, running open access journals, providing training and guidance, etc...

“As Open Access becomes a more and more familiar concept, we must focus on the small steps everyone can take to make openness in research a reality,” said Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC. “This year’s theme will help showcase …

Getty Publications publishes two open access catalogues

In 2014, Getty Publications launched its Virtual Library, initially offering access to 250 books, many of which were out of print. The collection features books which relate to the Getty Museum or Institutes, and span a wide variety of subjects, including photography, religion, literature, and archaeology. This month saw the introduction of two further items to the collection, and what the Getty President and CEO James Cuno described as “a next step in our ongoing commitment to open content"(James Cuno, press release). These latest additions are online catalogues, which highlight antiquities in the Getty Museum. Both were released with Creative Commons CC BY licences allowing almost unfettered use and reuse. Because these books were 'born digital' they offer more ways to view and even interact with the Getty collections, "from zoomable images to interactive maps, from linked footnotes and glossaries to 360-degree-views of objects." (The Getty)





St Andrews researcher’s results launch a new Open Access journal

Published in Volume 1, Issue 1 of APL Photonics the paper is co-authored by Professor Sven Höfling of the Quantum Physics and Quantum Engineering Group in the School of Physics and Astronomy.

Sven works in the exciting area of quantum engineering and its applications and his paper describes a record efficiency electrically-driven efficient light source that could be used in quantum communication systems for secure data exchange. Sven commented “We are delighted that our article has contributed to launch this new journal that makes an important contribution to the photonics community”.

Open Access is here! Make sure you are ready

Open Access is now an essential feature of scholarly communications. As well as maximising visibility of the University’s research outputs, Open Access is now a requirement of many funders. It is also critical for ensuring eligibility for submission of journal articles and conference proceedings to the next Research Excellence Framework (REF).

The Policy for open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework is in force from April 1 2016, and states "to be eligible for submission to the next REF, authors’ final peer-reviewed manuscripts must have been deposited in an institutional or subject repository". For St Andrews, this means that all researchers must deposit the accepted version of journal articles and conference proceedings in Pure as soon after acceptance as possible. In common with other institutions, the Library has been promoting the message ‘Act on acceptance: deposit in Pure’. This applies not just for REF and all authors should deposit their manuscripts…

Tickell report positive on the future of Open Access in the UK

Following the Burgess Review of Research Councils UK Open Access Policy and RCUK’s response, this report considers the wider scope of UK Open Access generally and how scholarly publishing markets and the policy landscape are developing including Open Data.

The advice was provided by Professor Adam Tickell, the respected Provost and Vice-Principal, University of Birmingham and Chair of Universities UK (UUK) Open Access Coordination Group.

Its main conclusion was positive on progress to date:
Open Access to research continues to be a public benefit and the UK remains a world leader. Research Councils UK should continue to support Gold Open Access charges. 
However, some changes are suggested in the recommendations.

Some key recommendations:
Universities should be encouraged to sign up to the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) UUK Open Access Coordination Group to support the development of agreed service standards around Gold UK Open Access policy should offer gr…

REF2020 open access policy: guides and deposit video now available

The REF2020 Open Access policy comes into force on the 1st of April 2016. To recap, the REF2020 Open Access policy requires UK academics to deposit their peer-reviewed accepted manuscripts for articles and conference proceedings in a repository. The policy also states that deposit should occur as close to the date of acceptance as possible. We are using our research information system Pure to comply with this policy as it links to our institutional repository. The University has called for early compliance to ensure all researchers know how to comply, and all outputs will be eligible for submission to the next REF.

To assist researchers with the deposit process the Open Access Team has produced a Deposit Guide for Academics. This is a step by step guide showing the information needed for REF Open Access compliance, as well as providing further information about the Pure record fields. We also have a similar guide for administrative staff who have responsibility for updating Pure reco…

Think, Check, Submit: a publication check list

Think, Check, Submit is a cross-industry initiative designed to help researchers choose the best place to publish their work. It has the support of major publishers such as Springer Nature and BioMed Central, and also organisations such as DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals) and Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA). A full list of supporting organisations can be found here: http://thinkchecksubmit.org/about/

Is the journal trustworthy?

Use the check list to assess the journal's trustworthiness

Only submit when you can answer 'yes' to questions like: will publishing in this journal raise my professional profile? Will the article be indexed and discoverable?

Drop-in sessions for Open Access and Research Data Management

As part of the Library strategy to extend our support for open access and research data management we are organising a series of drop-in sessions open to University of St Andrews researchers from all Schools.  During the sessions, members of staff and research students will be able to drop-in at any point and ask any questions relating to funders’ requirements on open access and research data, how to upload manuscripts and data into Pure and general research data management queries.

With the new Open Access policy for the next Research Excellence Framework (REF) fully in force very soon and already adopted across the University, we need to ensure all researchers know the essential steps to ensure eligibility for the next REF. We also want to make sure researchers know how to gain all the benefits of Open Access. The increasing requirements to manage data as part of funded projects, and new policies on data sharing in place from funders such as EPSRC, mean we want to ensure our communi…