6 July 2016

Wellcome Open Research: a new publication initiative

Wellcome Open Research is a new initiative which allows researchers to publish their results faster and more transparently. The service is powered by F1000Research which is an innovative publishing platform that uses post-publication peer-review to eradicate publication delays. By using this platform Wellcome research will be published immediately on submission (presumably with the status 'awaiting peer-review' if it follows closely the F1000 processes), this is then followed by formal peer-review. Wellcome also say that peer-review will be transparent and open, with referees' reports and names published alongside the paper. This is said to encourage more constructive feedback, as well as allowing reports to be cited.

Besides publication speed, another advantage of using WOR (or F1000 for that matter) is that there is wider scope for the sorts of material that can be published. As well as standard narrative articles researchers can also publish negative results and datasets, as well as incremental findings.

Using WOR to publish results is fully compliant with the Trust's open access policy and also complies with the requirements for data sharing. APCs for Wellcome funded research will also be funded centrally by Wellcome Trust.

Is it important to point out that Wellcome is not requiring any grant recipients to use this new service. But they hope authors will look at the service and recognise the benefits it offers in terms of transparency, the types of content that can be included, and the speed of publication. Robert Kiley, Head of Digital Services at Wellcome also comments that “One of the long-term aims of this approach is to start a shift in research and researcher assessment away from journal-based measures and towards direct assessment of the output itself, whether it be an article, or in another form such as a dataset or software tool.” http://f1000.com/resources/160706_WellcomeOpenResearchFINAL.pdf

Wellcome Open Research is due to launch in autumn 2016, so watch this space.

31 May 2016

Open Access Week 2016: "Open in Action"

http://www.openaccessweek.org CC BY 4.0

The theme of Open Access Week 2016 will be "Open in Action". Open Access Week is an international initiative designed to raise the profile of Open Access and push towards publishing 'open by default'.

Open Access Weeks have always encouraged action as well as words. But this year's OAW takes this a step further, encouraging all stakeholders to take positive concrete steps to make their research openly available and to encourage others to follow suit. "Open in action" is about highlighting the actual concrete examples of how Open Access is being promoted by researchers, librarians, and students alike, whether through depositing accepted manuscripts, running open access journals, providing training and guidance, etc...

“As Open Access becomes a more and more familiar concept, we must focus on the small steps everyone can take to make openness in research a reality,” said Heather Joseph, Executive Director of SPARC. “This year’s theme will help showcase these actions, the individuals who are leading by example, and the ways this openness advances science and scholarship.” (www.sparcopen.org CC BY 4.0)

Open Access Week is celebrated by individuals, publishers, and institutions all over the world. If you want to find out more or get involved visit the website: www.openaccessweek.org. If you have any ideas about events in St Andrews please get in touch with us, email us at openaccess@st-andrews.ac.uk.

Open Access Week 2016 will be held between 24-30 October. 

16 May 2016

Getty Publications publishes two open access catalogues

Mosaic of a Lion Attacking an Onage. http://www.getty.edu/publications/romanmosaics/. CC BY. © 2016 J. Paul Getty Trust
In 2014, Getty Publications launched its Virtual Library, initially offering access to 250 books, many of which were out of print. The collection features books which relate to the Getty Museum or Institutes, and span a wide variety of subjects, including photography, religion, literature, and archaeology. This month saw the introduction of two further items to the collection, and what the Getty President and CEO James Cuno described as “a next step in our ongoing commitment to open content"(James Cuno, press release). These latest additions are online catalogues, which highlight antiquities in the Getty Museum. Both were released with Creative Commons CC BY licences allowing almost unfettered use and reuse. Because these books were 'born digital' they offer more ways to view and even interact with the Getty collections, "from zoomable images to interactive maps, from linked footnotes and glossaries to 360-degree-views of objects." (The Getty)

Ferruzza, Maria Lucia. Ancient Terracottas from South Italy and Sicily in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2016. http://www.getty.edu/publications/terracottas CC BY. © 2016 J. Paul Getty Trust

Belis, Alexis. Roman Mosaics in the J. Paul Getty Museum. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2016. http://www.getty.edu/publications/romanmosaics. © 2016 J. Paul Getty Trust



27 April 2016

St Andrews researcher’s results launch a new Open Access journal

Published in Volume 1, Issue 1 of APL Photonics the paper is co-authored by Professor Sven Höfling of the Quantum Physics and Quantum Engineering Group in the School of Physics and Astronomy.

Sven works in the exciting area of quantum engineering and its applications and his paper describes a record efficiency electrically-driven efficient light source that could be used in quantum communication systems for secure data exchange. Sven commented “We are delighted that our article has contributed to launch this new journal that makes an important contribution to the photonics community”.


Detail from Figure 1 (a) Illustration of the indistinguishable-photon emitting diode based on a quantum dot (QD) micropillar cavity structure. A cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy image of a fully processed device (left panel) as well as a schematic (right panel) is shown.
The journal is aimed at photonics researchers and intersecting disciplines and submitted articles are rigorously peer reviewed, as you would expect. Content is available under the most liberal Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY) that allows maximum dissemination and re-use.

Full article details:
Schlehahn, A, Thoma, A, Munnelly, P, Kamp, M, Höfling, S, Heindel, T, Schneider, C & Reitzenstein, S 2016, 'An electrically driven cavity-enhanced source of indistinguishable photons with 61% overall efficiency' APL Photonics, vol 1, no. 1, 011301., 10.1063/1.4939831

28 March 2016

Open Access is here! Make sure you are ready

Open Access is now an essential feature of scholarly communications. As well as maximising visibility of the University’s research outputs, Open Access is now a requirement of many funders. It is also critical for ensuring eligibility for submission of journal articles and conference proceedings to the next Research Excellence Framework (REF).

The Policy for open access in the post-2014 Research Excellence Framework is in force from April 1 2016, and states "to be eligible for submission to the next REF, authors’ final peer-reviewed manuscripts must have been deposited in an institutional or subject repository". For St Andrews, this means that all researchers must deposit the accepted version of journal articles and conference proceedings in Pure as soon after acceptance as possible. In common with other institutions, the Library has been promoting the message ‘Act on acceptance: deposit in Pure’. This applies not just for REF and all authors should deposit their manuscripts. The Library's Open Access support team can help with this process.

Poster with message 'Act on acceptance: deposit in Pure'



To help researchers we can:
Please get in touch with any queries. Contact the Open Access team – openaccess@st-andrews.ac.uk 

17 March 2016

Tickell report positive on the future of Open Access in the UK

Following the Burgess Review of Research Councils UK Open Access Policy and RCUK’s response, this report considers the wider scope of UK Open Access generally and how scholarly publishing markets and the policy landscape are developing including Open Data.

The advice was provided by Professor Adam Tickell, the respected Provost and Vice-Principal, University of Birmingham and Chair of Universities UK (UUK) Open Access Coordination Group.

Its main conclusion was positive on progress to date:
  • Open Access to research continues to be a public benefit and the UK remains a world leader.
  • Research Councils UK should continue to support Gold Open Access charges. 
Figure 3: Gold OA charges paid to publishers from a sample of institutions, 2015 (Open Government Licence)

However, some changes are suggested in the recommendations.

Some key recommendations:
  • Universities should be encouraged to sign up to the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA)
  • UUK Open Access Coordination Group to support the development of agreed service standards around Gold
  • UK Open Access policy should offer greater choice to research producers
  • UK Open Data Forum to coordinate work associated with a ‘roadmap’ for sector infrastructure
The DORA recommendation is intended to reduce the effect of researcher preference for traditional prestige publications and move towards the type of responsible metrics advocated in Hefce’s The Metric Tide report.

Jo Johnson, Minister of State for Universities and Science, was encouraging and supportive in his response:
“I am confident that, by 2020, the UK will be publishing almost all of our scientific output through open access.”

Report and ministerial response.

9 March 2016

REF2020 open access policy: guides and deposit video now available


The REF2020 Open Access policy comes into force on the 1st of April 2016. To recap, the REF2020 Open Access policy requires UK academics to deposit their peer-reviewed accepted manuscripts for articles and conference proceedings in a repository. The policy also states that deposit should occur as close to the date of acceptance as possible. We are using our research information system Pure to comply with this policy as it links to our institutional repository. The University has called for early compliance to ensure all researchers know how to comply, and all outputs will be eligible for submission to the next REF.

https://risweb.st-andrews.ac.uk/admin/To assist researchers with the deposit process the Open Access Team has produced a Deposit Guide for Academics. This is a step by step guide showing the information needed for REF Open Access compliance, as well as providing further information about the Pure record fields. We also have a similar guide for administrative staff who have responsibility for updating Pure records on the behalf of researchers, this is available from the Open Access Team on request.

We have also produced an updated screencast of the deposit process demonstrating how to create a Pure record, input the publication information, and deposit the accepted manuscript:

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The deposit guide and screencast, along with further instructions on how to deposit in Pure, can be found here: http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/library/services/researchsupport/openaccess/deposit/.